• Sep 27, 2018
Different Types of Cameras

A beginner, hobbyist or a professional photographer, everyone has a hard time choosing a specific type of camera that will fit their photography needs. We have prepared the list of types of camera with their pros and cons to give you a better understanding of the different types of cameras available on the market today. 

  1. Smartphone camera
  2. Compact Digital Cameras
  3. Digital SLR Cameras
  4. Mirrorless Cameras
  5. Action Cameras
  6. Film Cameras

SMARTPHONE CAMERA


The smartphone technology has developed fairly fast. Everything has been replaced by our smartphone- from alarm clock to camera. Thanks to the convenience and readiness of smartphones, you can always have beautiful shots within your reach. You can capture, edit and upload pictures anytime and anywhere. Nowadays, smartphone camera technology has become as good as that of digital cameras.

PROS

  • Lightweight
  • Compact and hence handy
  • Ready to shoot all the time

CONS

  • Image quality not as good as professional cameras
  • Very little or no manual control
  • No interchangeable lenses

COMPACT DIGITAL CAMERAS


Compact digital cameras, also known as point and shoot cameras, is the most user-friendly camera among all. These cameras are lighter and smaller than others and do not require any additional lenses or film. These cameras are good for hobbyist and amateur photographers as they adjust the settings automatically to give well-exposed images.

PROS

  • Mostly affordable
  • Compact and lightweight 
  • User-friendly (adjusts the setting automatically)
  • No need of film or lens

CONS

  • Can't customize shutter speed and aperture
  • Limited zoom range
  • Noisier
  • Slow focus
  • Low resolution

DIGITAL SLR CAMERAS


Digital SLR cameras (DSLRs) are the first choice of most photography enthusiasts as well as professional photographers. The DSLRs come with the removable lens and has reflex mirror which allows live optical viewing. It shows you the image you are about to shoot through viewfinder. DSLRs provide manual control over settings.

PROS 

  • Full control over settings
  • Cleaner images because of large sensor
  • Optical viewfinder
  • High-resolution photo output and full HD video output
  • Wide variety of body and lenses

CONS

  • Bigger and bulkier
  • Expensive
  • Requires ample know how

MIRRORLESS CAMERAS


Daven Mathies/ Digital Trends

Mirrorless cameras are more compact DSLRs without a mirror. The light passes through the lens and falls right onto the image sensor which captures a preview of the image to display on the rear screen. Mirrorless cameras are a combination of DSLRs and point and shoot cameras. They are compact in size and has simpler controls like point and shoot cameras and they have impressive output and interchangeable lenses like DSLR.

PROS

  • Electronic viewfinder
  • Smaller and lighter
  • Simpler operation and controls
  • Faster and better for video
  • Higher video quality even in lower-end models 
  • Shoots more images at faster shutter speeds

CONS

  • Shorter battery life
  • Slower autofocus
  • Fewer lenses and accessories

ACTION CAMERAS


Action cameras are loved because of their durability and versatility. These cameras offer a high-resolution output and are able to capture wide angle photos and videos. These cameras also come with a wide range of accessory to choose from. Most of these cameras shoot video in 4k resolution.

PROS

  • Lightweight and compact
  • Versatile and mountable on almost every surface
  • Remote view and shutter via smartphone
  • Ideal for use in extreme conditions

CONS

  • Small viewfinder 
  • Fixed focus
  • Limited digital zoom

FILM CAMERA


There is no better feeling than looking at the freshly developed films. Finding one or two shots you adore in a roll of 24 exposures is usually more rewarding than having 10 digital shots you like. Film cameras obviously require more hard work in achieving your desired images, but they are loved for their unmatched ability to produce gorgeous, artistic photos that are great for galleries and photo albums.

PROS

  • Better image resolution and size
  • Beautiful, artistic photos
  • Vintage-looking hardware
  • Cheap, good quality lenses

CONS

  • Analog settings
  • Expensive and recurring film cost
  • No internal light meter
  • Risk of parallax, focus, and exposure errors

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